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Electroplating is the use of a solution of a metal salt, and an electrical direct current to coat an electrically conducting item with a layer of the metal making up the metal salt. Electro-deposition is the process by which electroplating is performed.

The way in which this works is analogous to a galvanic cell acting in reverse. The item to be coated is placed into a container containing a solution of one or more metal salts. The item is connected to an electrical circuit. The item may form the anode or the cathode of the circuit. When an electrical current is passed through the circuit, the electrons passing through the solution cause a chemical reaction. The metal is reduced to its ground state, and is thus the pure metal, and not a metal compound. Most commonly the plating is a single metallic element not an alloy, however some alloys can be electrodeposited notably brass. This metal will deposit on the item, covering it in a layer of that metal. Contrast this process with electropolishing and anodization.

Electroplating is popular for use in many industries. It can be used to silver plate electrical connectors, since silver tarnishes much slower and has a higher conductivity than the copper or brass it may be electroplated upon there is a lower surface electrical resistance resulting in a more efficient electrical connection. This is also popular for RF connectors because RF current (electricity) flows primarily on the surface of its conductor, meaning the connector will have the strength of brass and the conductivity of silver.